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Glossary of Art Terms
 
Welcome to USBlackart.Com Glossary of common Art Terms. Here we hope to give you a brief definition of various art terms which might be unfamiliar to you. If you have any questions, comments, or ideas please e-mail us.
 
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Rabbet:- in art Framing, the "L" cut all around the perimeter of the frame, against which glass, mat, or picture panels are installed. Return to top
 
Radial Balance:- the balance as the result of components that are distributed around a center point or spring out from a central line. Return to top
 

Realism:- a style of painting which depicts subject matter (form, color, space) as it appears in actuality or ordinary visual experience without distortion or stylization. The realistic and natural representation of people, places, and/or things in a work of art. Return to top
 

Repetition:- a series of repeated elements having similarity. Return to top
 
Reflection - An image given back by a reflecting surface, such as that of a mirror or still waters. Return to top
 
Regionalism Or Regionalism: - Also known as American scene painting, a style of art that was popular in the United States during the 1930s. Return to top
 

Retinal Art :- Refers to art whose appeal is mainly or exclusively to the eye rather than to the mind. Return to top
 
Rhythm :- A principle of design, it refers to a way of combining elements of art to produce the look and feel of movement, especially with a visual tempo or beat. A continuance, a flow, or a feeling of movement achieved by the repetition or regulated visual units. Return to top
 

Refraction:- The bending of light from one course in one medium to a different course through another medium of different refractive index. Return to top
 

Reproduction:- a copy of an original print or fine art piece. A reproduction could be in the form of a print, like an offset-lithographic print, or even reproduced in the same medium as the original, as in an oil painting. Return to top
 
RGB: -stands for Red, Green, Blue. In web design and design for computer monitors, colors are defined in terms of a combination of these three basic additive colors. Return to top
 

Refractive Index:- The numerical ratio of the speed of light in a vacuum to its speed in a substance. Return to top
 

Remarque:- A small original sketch done by the artist, often outside the actual image of the print. It may be in pencil, watercolor or pen and ink. A remarqued print is more desirable to many serious art collectors. A remarque adds value to a print in that it then becomes one of a kind with the addition of the original artwork by the artist. Return to top
 

Relief:- The apparent or actual (impasto, collage) projection of three-dimensional forms.
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Resist: -Any material, usually wax or grease crayons, that repel paint or dyes. Lithography is a grease (ink)and water (wet stone or plate) resist printing technique. Batik is a wax resist fabric artform. Return to top
 
Rice Paper: -A generic term for Japanese and other asian forms of paper made for artist's use. Used for sumi-e, brush calligraphy, and watercolor. Fibers from the inner bark of woody plants such as kozo (mulberry), mitsumata, and gampi, and the outer layer of herbaceous plants such as flax, hemp, and jute, are used in manufacturing wide varieties of rice paper. Return to top
 
Rough:- Rough watercolor paper has a coarse rough texture. This surface allows for maximum graining of washes and accidental highlights and texture. •See Cold Pressed, Rough Return to top
 

Roman Art: - works of art produced in ancient Rome and its far-flung provinces. Return to top
 

Realism Art: - Realism in the visual arts and literature is the depiction of subjects as they appear in everyday life, without embellishment or interpretation. The term is also used to describe works of art which, in revealing a truth, may emphasize the ugly or sordid. It represents the opposite of idealism. Return to top
 
Realism also refers to a mid-19th century cultural movement with its roots in France, where it was a very popular art form around the mid to late 1800’s. It came about with the introduction of photography - a new visual source that created a desire for people to produce things that look “objectively real”. Realism was heavily against romanticism, a genre dominating French literature and artwork in the mid 19th century. Undistorted by personal bias, Realism believed in the ideology of external reality and revolted against exaggerated emotionalism. Truth and accuracy became the goals of many Realists. Return to top
 

Resins:- A general term for a wide variety of more or less transparent, fusible materials. The term is used to designate any polymer that is a basic material for paints and plastics. Return to top
 
Reproof:- A reproof may mean several different things, depending on what the artist intended to say. Some possibilities are: 1. that an original piece has been reworked so as to eliminate what was considered to be faulty. 2. A new negative has been made 3. A work of art has been touched up (perhaps because the piece was damaged or peeling due to age) 4. A copy has been made from an original. 5. The printer sends another copy of the proof to check against the original. Return to top
 
Right Brain: refers to a theory in which the right side of the brain is the creative side, responsible for art and spatial comprehension, while the left side is responsible for reading, verbal, and mathematical sorts of tasks. Return to top
 
Rubénisme - The doctrine that color, rather than form, was the most important element in painting. Return to top
 

Rule Of Thirds: a composition rule that divides the scene into three rows and three columns. The rule states that the painting is much more interesting if the focal point is not in the center of the canvas but rather in one of the outlying regions, preferably at one of the intersection points Return to top