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Glossary of Art Terms
 
Welcome to USBlackart.Com Glossary of common Art Terms. Here we hope to give you a brief definition of various art terms which might be unfamiliar to you. If you have any questions, comments, or ideas please e-mail us.
 
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Fantasy Art: A work of art depicting fantasy figures, live mermaids, angels, dragons, dragonfly figures, mostly fantasy figures. Return to top
 
Famous Art:- famed, notable, illustrious. FAMOUS, CELEBRATED, EMINENT, DISTINGUISHED refer to someone or something widely and favorably known. FAMOUS is the general word: a famous artist CELEBRATED originally referred to something commemorated, but now usually refers to someone or something widely known for conspicuous merit, services, etc.: a celebrated artist EMINENT implies high standing among one's contemporaries, esp. in one's own profession or craft: an eminent Return to top
 
Fat :-A term used to describe paints which have a high oil content. Return to top
 
Ferrule: The metal cylinder that surrounds and encloses the hairs on a brush. Customarily made of nickel or nickel-plated base metal Return to top
 
Figure: A human or animal form Return to top
 
Fin De Siecle- Literally, the end of the century, a period at the end of the 19th century and just before World War I in which art and literature languished in a kind of malaise compounded of despondency, boredom, morbidity, and hypersensitivity to the esthetic Return to top
 
Fine Art - a visual art considered to have been created primarily for aesthetic purposes and judged for its beauty and meaningfulness, specifically, painting, sculpture, drawing, watercolor, graphics, and architecture. Return to top
 
Filler:-Inert pigment added to paint to increase its bulk, also called extender. Return to top
 
Film :-A thin coating or layer of paint, ink, etc. Return to top
 
Fixative :-A solution, usually of shellac and alcohol, sprayed onto drawings, to prevent their smudging or crumbling off the support. Return to top
 
Fixative: A resinous or plastic spray used to affix charcoal, pencil, or pastel images to the paper. Used lightly it protects finished art (or under drawing) against smearing, smudging, or flaking. Return to top
 
Flat Color: Any area of a painting that has an unbroken single hue and value. Return to top
 

Flat Wash: any area of a painting where a wash of single color and value is painted in a series of multiple, overlapping stokes following the flow of the paint. A slightly tilted surface aids the flow of your washes. Paper can be dry or damp. Return to top
 
Foreground: The area of a painting closest to the viewer. In a landscape this would include the area from the viewer to the middle distance. Return to top
 
Foreshortening :- The use of persepctive to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight. Return to top
 
Formalism :- Strict adherence to, or dependence on, stylized shapes and methods of composition. Return to top
 
Found Objects :- Images, materials, or objects as found in the everyday environment that are appropriated into works of art. Return to top
 
Foreshortening: The technique of representing a three dimensional image in two dimensions using the laws of perspective. Return to top
 
Foxing :-The development of patterns of brown or yellow splotches (stains) on old paper. Caused by a type of mold, foxing is often removed by treating with diluted bleach. Return to top
 

Frame:- a rigid structure formed of relatively slender pieces, joined so as to surround sizable empty spaces or nonstructural panels, and generally used as a major support in building or engineering works, machinery, furniture, etc. Return to top
 
Framed Art :- When an Artwork has been put in a frame, usually to protect such Art work, and to display it properly. Return to top
 
Framed Prints: -Art prints and posters are put in a frame to hang and display same as framed posters. Return to top
 
French Art: - Artistic remains in France date back to the Paleolithic age and abundant examples attest to the art of the periods of Roman and barbarian occupation as well as to the Christian art of the subsequent periods, art produced in the historic area called the nation of France. Return to top
 
Fresco:- Meaning "fresh" in Italian, fresco is the art of painting with pure pigments ground in water on uncured (wet) lime plaster. An ancient technique used world wide by artists of many ages and cultures. Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel is a famous example fresco painting. Durability is achieved as the pigments chemically bind with the plaster over time as it hardens to its natural limestone state. Return to top
 
Frottis: Thin transparent or semi-transparent glazes rubbed into the ground in the initial phases of an oil painting. From the French term "frotter", meaning "to rub". Return to top
 
Fugitive Colors: The pigments in the "fugitive" class of paints have the unfortunate characteristic of looking beautiful and unique when first painted but show bad side-effects over time. Side effects include fading to non-existence, changing color, darkening to black, and other fun stuff. Unless you're planning on hermetically sealing your paintings and viewing them in a low-UV climate controlled room, skip them. Use lightfast ratings I & II when possible . Return to top
 
Fugitive Colors:-Pigment or dye colors that fade when exposed to light. Return to top